Bazi for Beginners: Unlocking the Secrets of the 5 Elements

In Chinese metaphysics, the five elements (wood, fire, earth, metal, and water) are believed to be the fundamental building blocks of the universe.

These elements are believed to be in a constant state of interaction—basically, they interact and balance each other.

They are also believed to be related to aspects of human nature and emotions.

Interestingly, the concept of the five elements is widely adopted across various areas of Chinese culture. Here are some examples:

  • Traditional Chinese Medicine: The five elements are used to understand and balance the energy in the body. Each organ is associated with a specific element, and imbalances in one element can lead to health issues.
  • Feng Shui: The five elements are used to balance the energy in a specific space.
  • Chinese Astrology: The five elements are used to understand the personalities and characteristics of people born in different years of the Chinese zodiac.
  • Chinese martial arts: Some Chinese martial arts styles, like Tai Chi, use the five elements as a way to understand the energy and movements in the art.
  • Chinese divination: In Chinese divination systems like the I Ching and the Luo Shu, the five elements are used to understand the underlying patterns and dynamics of a situation.

As seen above, the concept of the 5 elements has various applications.

For context, this article would discuss how Bazi utilises the 5 elements and how it relates to your personality.

The concept of the 5 elements

The five elements are Fire, Earth, Metal, Water, and Wood.

In Chinese, these five are called “Wu Xing” which translates to “five transformations.” Eventually, they have been called “the 5 elements.”

That said, the Chinese place a strong emphasis on change and transformation phases. As a result, the entire 5 Elements concept is based on energy constantly traveling and changing from one form to another.

Bazi and the 5 Elements

In your Bazi chart, you will see which of the elements you have a strong affinity with.

Sure, your Day Master can give you an insight into your personality but it will only give you a hint about one component of your Bazi chart. If you want to see the bigger picture, check the five structures in your Bazi chart.

By looking at the 5 Structures, you’ll be able to find the 5 Elements as well. It can also tell you which element/s are you most associated with.

Your personality and the 5 elements:

1) Fire

People with a strong fire element are thought to be naturally charismatic and confident. They are also passionate and enthusiastic about what they believe in. Likewise, these people are natural-born leaders who may be drawn to positions of power and authority. However, people with a strong fire element can be overly impatient.

2) Wood

People with a strong wood element are thought to be ambitious and driven. They are also charismatic and natural leaders. As such, they are able to inspire and motivate other people. Likewise, they are creative and innovative. In addition, they are thought to be flexible and adaptable. However, they can be arrogant and easy to anger.

3) Earth

People with a strong earth element are thought to be stable and dependable. They are emphatic, compassionate, nurturing, and caring. Likewise, people with a strong earth element may have a lot of patience and perseverance, thus, they may be able to handle long-term projects or challenges. However, they also can be possessive and overprotective of others.

4) Metal

Those that have a strong metal element are known to be strong-willed and determined. Likewise, with their self-discipline and control, they are able to stay focused on their goals despite facing various obstacles. Metal element people are logical, objective, and decisive. As such, they are able to easily solve problems and make tough decisions. However, they can be emotionally detached, making them quite insensitive toward others.

5) Water

Those that have a strong water element are known to be intuitive and perceptive. Likewise, Water element individuals may be flexible and adaptable, able to flow with change and navigate uncertainty. In addition, they are known to be resourceful and resilient; able to survive and thrive in difficult circumstances. Unfortunately, they can be emotionally unstable due to their fearfulness and insecurity.


Do note that these are general tendencies and not all people will necessarily exhibit these traits.

Additionally, the five elements are in balance and interact with each other, so an individual may have a strong water element but also have strengths and weaknesses in other elements.  

Also, while you may now know which element you are most affiliated with, it does not mean that it is able to encapsulate your entire personality.

This is why learning Bazi is very interesting, there are so many things to learn!

If you are curious, we have written articles on the 10-Day Masters, the 10 Profiles, the 5 Structures, and the important things to know about Bazi.

Happy reading!


Denisse loves reading and writing about culture, history, and politics. Outside writing articles for The Singaporean, Denisse enjoys musicals, gaming, and Harry Potter.

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