A Comprehensive Guide on Orthodontic Procedures

Orthodontics, a specialized branch of dentistry, plays a pivotal role in improving oral health and boosting self-confidence through the correction of various dental and jaw irregularities.

This article delves into the essence of orthodontics, exploring the diverse types of procedures available, identifying the ideal candidates for these treatments, and providing practical tips on selecting a reliable orthodontist in Singapore.

What is Orthodontics?

Orthodontics is a dental speciality focused on diagnosing, preventing, and treating dental and facial irregularities, such as misaligned teeth and jaws.

This field of dentistry not only aims to enhance the aesthetics of one’s smile but also addresses functional issues, ensuring proper bite and jaw alignment, which are crucial for oral health and overall well-being.

Orthodontists vs. Dentists

Orthodontists and dentists both play essential roles in maintaining oral health, but they focus on different aspects and undergo distinct training paths. Understanding the differences between these two professions is crucial for patients seeking appropriate dental care.

Dentists are general practitioners who diagnose and treat a wide range of oral health issues. Their primary focus is on the overall health of the teeth, gums, and mouth. Dentists perform routine dental care such as cleanings, fillings, crowns, veneers, bridges, and teeth whitening. They are also the first point of contact for diagnosing and treating oral pain and diseases. Essentially, dentists address the broad spectrum of oral care and hygiene.

Orthodontists, on the other hand, are specialists in the field of correcting teeth and jaw alignment. They receive additional training beyond dental school, typically a two to three-year residency in orthodontics. This specialized education equips them with the skills to diagnose and treat misalignments of the teeth and jaws, known as malocclusions.

Orthodontists primarily focus on treatments like braces, clear aligners (such as Invisalign), retainers, and other devices that align teeth, correct bite issues, and help achieve optimal facial symmetry.

What Are The Different Types of Orthodontic Procedures?

Orthodontics encompass many methods of fixing one’s dental issues. Here is a rundown of the most common orthodontic procedures:

Traditional Metal Braces

The most common and recognizable form of orthodontic treatment, traditional metal braces, consists of metal brackets attached to each tooth, connected by wires. These braces are highly effective in correcting complex alignment issues and are continuously evolving in terms of comfort and aesthetics.

Ceramic Braces

Similar to metal braces in function, ceramic braces offer a more aesthetic alternative. The brackets are made of a clear or tooth-coloured ceramic material, making them less noticeable. They are particularly popular among adults and older teenagers who seek a less conspicuous form of treatment.

Lingual Braces

Lingual braces are attached to the backside of the teeth, rendering them invisible from the front. While effective, they can be more challenging to clean and might affect speech initially.

Clear Aligners

Clear aligners, like Invisalign, are a modern, virtually invisible solution to teeth alignment. These custom-made, removable trays are replaced every few weeks to progressively move teeth into the desired position. They offer the convenience of being removable for eating and brushing and are less noticeable than traditional braces.

Palatal Expanders

Used primarily in children and adolescents, palatal expanders are devices that widen the upper jaw to correct a narrow palate or overcrowding.


Post-braces, retainers are essential for maintaining the new position of the teeth. They can be removable or fixed and are an integral part of the orthodontic treatment process.

Who Needs Orthodontics?

Orthodontic treatment isn’t just for children and teenagers; adults too can benefit significantly. Candidates for orthodontics include individuals with overcrowded teeth, gaps, overbites, underbites, crossbites, and other jaw alignment issues.

Early intervention, especially in children, can guide jaw growth, correct harmful oral habits, and intercept developing problems.

Tips on Finding a Reliable Orthodontist

Orthodontists have varying levels of experience. While there is a plethora of reputable clinics in Singapore, it’s always a good idea to do your due diligence. Checking these factors can help you find an orthodontist you can trust:

  • Qualifications and Experience: Ensure the orthodontist is licensed and has specialized training in orthodontics. Experience in treating cases similar to yours is also crucial.
  • Technology and Treatment Options: A good orthodontist should offer a range of treatment options and utilize the latest technology for diagnosis and treatment.
  • Patient Reviews and Referrals: Check online reviews or get referrals from friends or family members who have undergone orthodontic treatment.
  • Consultation Process: Look for an orthodontist who provides a comprehensive consultation process, discussing various treatment options, expected outcomes, duration, and cost.
  • Comfort and Communication: Choose an orthodontist with whom you feel comfortable and who communicates clearly about all aspects of your treatment.

Is Orthodontics Expensive?

The cost of orthodontic treatment can vary widely depending on several factors, and it is often perceived as a significant investment in dental health. The total expense is influenced by the type of treatment required, the severity of the dental issue, the duration of treatment, the location of the practice, and the orthodontist’s expertise.

  • Type of Treatment: Different orthodontic procedures come with different price tags. Traditional metal braces are generally the most affordable, while newer technologies like clear aligners (e.g., Invisalign) tend to be more expensive. Lingual braces, which are placed behind the teeth, can also be costlier due to their custom manufacturing and the complexity of treatment.
  • Severity and Duration of Treatment: The complexity of a patient’s dental issues can significantly impact the cost. More severe cases requiring longer treatment periods will generally be more expensive. Simple adjustments may take only a few months, whereas complex realignments could take two years or more.
  • Orthodontist’s Expertise: The experience and reputation of the orthodontist can also play a role in determining the cost. A highly experienced and sought-after orthodontist might charge more for their services.

Insurance coverage can greatly reduce out-of-pocket expenses for orthodontic treatment. Many dental insurance plans cover a portion of orthodontic treatment, especially for patients under a certain age.

Additionally, flexible payment plans, health savings accounts (HSAs), and financing options can make treatment more affordable.


Orthodontic procedures offer transformative solutions for various dental issues, significantly improving oral health and aesthetics.

Understanding the different types of treatments and selecting a qualified and experienced orthodontist are key steps in achieving the best possible outcomes. Remember, a healthy, beautiful smile goes beyond aesthetics; it is an investment in your overall well-being.


Denisse loves reading and writing about culture, history, and politics. Outside writing articles for The Singaporean, Denisse enjoys musicals, gaming, and Harry Potter.

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